Autism Treatment

Experts believe that people are born with genetic dispositions to autism, with signs presenting themselves often before the age of three.
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What is Autism and the Symptoms?

Autism is a lifelong developmental disorder that can affect anyone. Neither an illness or disease, it is now more commonly referred to as autism spectrum disorder. A complex disorder, symptoms can be challenging for both the person with autism and their loved ones but, with the correct specialist interventions, speech and communication can be improved. There is no ‘cure’ for autism; the emphasis is on ensuring a fulfilling and happy life for the person with the disability.

What are the signs or symptoms of autism?

Experts believe that people are born with genetic dispositions to autism, with signs presenting themselves often before the age of three. Although any gender or race can be affected, there is a higher number of recorded cases in men.

Early symptoms of autism in children can include:

  • Lack or no vocalisation
  • Repetition of certain words and a fixation on certain subjects
  • Preferring to speak single words rather than sentences
  • Poor response to others - e.g. ignoring their name being called
  • Difficulty in interacting with others and finding social situations upsetting
  • Preferring to play alone
  • Sensitivity to loud noises or bright lights

Signs in adults can include (this list is not exhaustive):

  • Difficulty in using or interpreting facial expressions
  • Unable to understand sarcasm or jokes
  • A monotonous and flat tone of voice
  • Difficulty making social or romantic connections with others
  • Behaviours might be interpreted as insensitive or not socially acceptable

What are the causes of autism?

There is no definitive cause of autism; it is believed to be down to genetics and cases of autism spectrum disorder have been known to run in families, meaning a child may be more at risk if one or more of their siblings has been diagnosed.

It has been suggested by researchers that somebody born with a genetic vulnerability to autism may only develop the disorder if exposed to certain environmental triggers such as; premature birth, being exposed to certain medications or alcohol in the womb - however, this is not a definite cause.

Types of autism

In the past, people used to refer to different ‘types’ of autism, such as ‘Aspergers’ however; now these old terms are now under one terminology - autism spectrum disorders. These can range from mild, medium and severe on the spectrum and expert diagnosis will determine the type of treatment needed.

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