Personality Disorder Treatment

In terms of mental health conditions, personality disorders are one of the hardest to pinpoint a reason behind the illness.
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Personality disorders are extremely complex mental health illnesses which can lead to difficulties in how a person thinks and feels about themselves and others. BREVIN use clinical evidence and various therapies to construct individualised programmes. Personality disorder treatment focuses on examining these thoughts and attitudes as well the supplying the tools to help manage emotions and difficulties. Whether it be CBT, psychodynamic therapy, dialectical behaviour therapy, arts therapies or even group therapy, there are treatments for personality disorder out there that can have a huge affect on the patterns of thinking.


Group therapies act as a way to encourage social situations which otherwise may be avoided, it’s also there for those who tend to depend on another person. Arts therapy is a creative way of expressing yourself and can help those who may have difficulties putting things into words, allowing for other means of communication. Dialectical behaviour therapy is a popular therapy for personality disorder treatment, it teaches skills to help with a variety of emotions and interactions as well as changing the behaviour which can lead to the most problems. With psychodynamic therapy we help you manager your relationships with other people, this can lead to an increased self confidence and lead to improvements on self perception. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy pinpoints the pattern of thoughts and attitudes which may cause problems, teaching you to challenge  ideas and beliefs, lessening those problems that were once an issue.


If you know someone who has a diagnosis of personality disorder, it is very important you know how to deal with it. Be sure to emphasise the positive aspects of their personality whenever possible and make the most of their abilities and strengths. Offer encouragement to change their behaviour and never tell them they are immature or inadequate, we’re all prone to mistakes and be being judgemental you can make the situation worse.


Symptoms of Personality Disorder

Women have been shown to be affected by personality disorder more than men, but the condition can affect any person at any age. As mentioned, there are different types of the disorder, but the symptoms of borderline personality disorder can include;

  • Risky behaviours, such as reckless driving, unsafe sex, drug or alcohol abuse
  • Extreme mood swings which can last for hours and change between intense highs and lows
  • Hostility and lack of patience with friends, family and colleagues
  • A history of unstable and destructive romantic relationships
  • An intense fear of being abandoned or rejected
  • Having a warped view of personal appearance - potentially bordering on body dysmorphia


There are many personality disorders, but perhaps the most commonly known is ‘borderline personality disorder’. Signs of the disorder can show in different ways, but diagnosis may occur if a medical professional feels the following apply:

  • Thoughts, feelings and behaviours impacting a person’s day to day life, e.g being unable to trust others and make close relationships.
  • Work and friendships are suffering due to a person’s beliefs and behaviours in their personal life and at work.
  • The problems are continuing long-term, possibly either from childhood or throughout adulthood and the person is unable to change their behaviour to adapt to situations.

What are the Causes of Personality Disorder?

In terms of mental health conditions, personality disorders are one of the hardest to pinpoint a reason behind the illness. Often, there has been some kind of trauma in a person’s childhood such as neglect from a parent or an abusive or violent upbringing. These can skew a child’s thoughts and beliefs and lead to difficulties whilst a personality is developing in young adulthood. Like many mental health conditions, there is growing research into the effect of genetics and the tendency to develop personality disorders, with early results showing it may well be a contributing factor.


Types of Personality Disorder

Research has shown that most disorders of this type fall into the following three categories,

Odd or Eccentric - Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal

Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic - Antisocial, or Dissocial, Borderline, or Emotionally Unstable, Histrionic, Narcissistic

Anxious and Fearful - Obsessive-Compulsive (aka Anankastic), Avoidant (aka Anxious/Avoidant), Passive.


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